Methods and techniques

Business administrative and economic approaches differ from each other because they use dif-ferent assumptions and apply different procedures to describe reality. We shape a synthesis of these two seemingly completely different concepts. The integrative techniques define the path to go for the implementation of realistic and economic solutions.

Quantitative methods

Statistical approaches, for example Forecasting methods allow the indi-cation of a trend. The data base determines the choice of method. Sometimes a simple regression is adequate, in other cases a time series analysis provides clear information about in-terdependence. You want to get a clear idea about your financial exposure holding a participation in a company? No problem. There are several methods to define the value of a company, for example Z-Score. Whatever the selected method may be: You have the certainty to get a reasonable balance between expenses and income. Data processing is now available at low price to apply quantitative methods effectively.


When you need to check the outcome of decisions made by the gov-ernment, evaluation is the most effective approach. It shows the effects of implemented policies. Can the determined goals be reached? Are there side-effects that indicate the necessity to modify a policy? Such an analysis may be very short and effective; in other cases deeper research is re-quired. Whatever the task may be, we always apply the guidelines of the Swiss Evaluation Society, SEVAL. Our experience in this discipline generates certainty for you.

Process auditing

The administration is more and more exposed to competition. The audit of processes and procedures is an appreciated approach to eliminate losses in effectiveness and time-consuming detours. There is an opportunity to discover together parallel paths in use that accomplish the same task, may also be that both processes are hindering each other. The chal-lenge will be here to loosen the node to define more appropriate and straight-forward structures for processes involving staff and material resources.

Tariff systems

Effective and transparent tariff systems consistently apply the economic theory. Incentive and dissuasive structures have to be focused on respective market conditions. These depend on the intentions followed by the operators involved. Providers of public services have to consider also major general goals. Among these are strategic positions, the environment, network optimization, external costs and benefits and the sustainability of a tariff system. The flexibility of actors depends on their ability, to substitute offers by alternatives or to consider similar options to define their consumptive behaviour. Tariff systems responding to this expected functionality are a challenge in applied economic theory too.